4 Eligibility of Applicants
There is no set limit on the number of biological or adopted children, each case is considered individually. However, if the applicants have more than 3 children, Sename's position is that they will be disadvantaged because Sename gives priority to applicants that do not have any children at all (who are the majority of the applicants) or who only have one other child. Sename's reasoning for this where applicants do not have any children is that the adopted child, being the first child of the family, will be doted on and this would be beneficial given the deficiencies of the child.
Chile does not allow adoption of a child older than any current children the applicants may already have. The age difference between the youngest biological child and the adopted child needs to be one and a half to two years.
Children aged 5 and over in the care of the State. Only one child may be adopted at a time unless a sibling group.
Siblings (the definition includes non blood brothers and sisters who have developed close relationships in the institution) will not be separated except under extraordinary circumstances where provision must be made for them to remain in contact.
A child younger than 5 years may be adopted but only if part of a sibling group (the maximum age of the older child in the sibling group must be stated) or that child has a disability or special medical need. As with many countries, there is likely to be a preference not to place adolescent boys in the same home as adolescent girls or with younger girls, or to place adolescent or younger girls in the same home as adolescent boys.
Following the placement Chile requires six monthly post placement reports for four years.